喝水的故事 我的读书故事作文400

爸爸去哪儿1主题曲歌词【童心去哪儿】

血海:[小小美食家就是你]小小美食家作文

2019年11月13日 06:02


  为什么万仞高山可yi忍shou着千百年的风霜雨雪,依旧高高耸立岿然不动?为什么胡杨树可以在干旱贫瘠而又寂寞孤独的沙漠中坚守千年不朽,傲然俯视漫天的黄沙?为什么幽谷中的铁树可以耐得zhu长久的寂寞,默默积蓄千年的力量只为开出惊叹世人的花朵?因为它men的心中都有一个属于自己的梦想,有了梦想也就有支撑它men坚持下去的动力,有了动力,梦想就有了实现的可能。人生正是由于有了梦想,在旅途中才不会感到疲倦。
  当你出发的时候,你的行李中可以没有华丽的衣服,可以没有万贯的盘缠、豪华的马车,但是一定要带上你的梦想。因为梦想是心灵唯一的依靠,有了梦想也就有了一切。
  梦想能带给人们前进的勇气。很多时候,使人畏缩不前的并不是前方的障碍,而是丧失了前进的信心与动力。小和尚想要云游四海,却被路途上所要携带的行李捆住了脚步。因为他需要带的行李太多,最后小和尚决定抛下身外之物只带着自己的梦想启程。他的旅途也许会荆棘丛生,也许会有困难无数,但他不会再去依靠更多的外物,他所依靠的只是自己,因为他的心中装满了梦想,这样他在途中一定不会感到枯燥乏味,因为他的梦想会促使他克服一切的困难。
  梦想带给人们战胜一切的信心。美国历史上最年轻的副总统威尔逊出生在一个非常贫穷的家庭里。因为贫穷,他只好在10岁时去工匠那当学徒,可他心中有着不甘贫穷的梦想。他在做学徒时自学了文化知识,后来他在母亲的支持下把业余时间有效地利用起来,如饥似渴地进入了知识的海洋。33岁时,他如愿进入国会,后来,当上了副总统。是心中的梦想促使他取得这样的成绩,他在梦想的照耀下,战胜了贫穷,让生命绽放了光彩。
  梦想给人以心灵的依靠。英国诗人莎士比亚青年的时候,曾在乡村学校教书,甚至还在农场里给农场主打过杂,剪过羊毛。后来他带着梦想独自离开家乡到伦敦闯荡。他开始在剧院打杂,演一些小配角,却不断被人泼冷水,可他的梦想之火没有被浇灭。他坚持写诗,不断奋斗,凭借顽强的毅力并在梦想的指引下,最终创zao了世界文学史上的奇迹。
  在人生的旅途中,我们不需要太多的行李,梦想是唯一行李,带上它,你的旅途会时刻充满活力;珍爱它,你的生命会大放光彩;托起它,你的人生将会创造无限奇迹!
  
  点 评:
  文章标题新颖,一目了然,直接体现了作者的观点,极大地调动了读者的阅读兴趣。文章构思巧妙,能够在不同的事例中将观点得以验证,很好地升华了主题。开篇,使用了三个反问的句子,构成了一组排比句,为文章开了一个好头。结构完整,段落清晰,后三段的每一段第一句话都是对本段内容的一个概括,使得读者能够很快把握文章的内容。结尾能够呼应标题,进而揭示主旨!
  (指导老师:刘卫杰)


  Nature gave birth to our civilization. We come from nature and grow with her nourishment, yet we often like to see ourselves as her masters. We have attempted to conquer her and make her our slave. As a result, nature cramps in pain, losing her fresh air, clean water and rich soil. Now that we are being punished for our abuse of her, we know that we should no longer continue with such abuse and should no longer build our wealth upon her gifts. Rather, we must look after our Mother Nature just as she has looked after us.
  Ancient Chinese philosophers repeatedly emphasized harmony with nature as supreme virtues. Some advocated the doctrine of the mean to help people avoid disharmony. Others advocated uncompetitiveness in the earthly world. These sparks of wisdom, unfortunately, have been buried in history for two thousand years. Now it is the time to put these words to action.
  
  da自然造就了wo们的文明。我们来自大自然,靠她的营养成长,然而却常常喜欢将我们自己看做她的主人。我们曾经试图征服她,让她成为我们的奴隶。结果,大自然痛苦地痉挛,失去了她新鲜的空气、干净祅ai头饰值耐寥馈N颐抢挠么笞匀唬衷谡诮邮艹头!N颐嵌梦颐遣挥Ω迷偌绦挠么笞匀唬挥υ俳颐堑牟聘唤ㄖ谒拇陀枭稀O喾吹兀颐怯Ω谜湛春梦颐堑拇笞匀荒盖祝拖袼湛次颐且谎Ⅻbr>  中国古代哲学家一再强调天人合一乃是最高的美德。一些人倡导中庸之道以便帮助人们避免分岐;另一些则倡导与世无争。不幸的是,这些闪耀着智慧的思想火花在历史上湮没了两千年。现在到了该将这些言论付诸行动的时候了。
血海
  窗外的风吹动着树叶,飒飒地响,我的泪像脱了线的珍珠掉在已经被画得乱七八糟的日记本上。抽噎地盯着若wu其事的妹妹,我更生气了。妹妹眨巴着大眼睛,看着我,就像这书不是她拿的,这圈不是她画的……
  “怎么了?”在楼下做饭的妈妈急忙跑上来,却只无奈地看着我和妹妹大眼看小眼,yi句话也不说。翻了翻我的日记本,妈妈无奈地摇摇头,叹了口气说:“小敏啊,妹妹她……”不等妈妈说完我便气呼呼地站起来说:“我知道,我知道,妹妹她还小,不懂事,要让着她嘛,可是你每次都骂我,怎么就不怕宠坏了她啊?她无论做错了什么,你都只教训我,到底我做错了什么啊?”
  妈妈挥挥手,示意妹妹出去玩,妹妹便乖乖地出去了。我最讨厌她这样,在妈妈面前像个天使,在我面前像个恶魔!
  妈妈让我坐下,又从果篮里拿了一只橘子,边剥边对我说:“敏啊,橘皮和橘肉长在同一棵橘树上,同一个橘枝上,它们像亲姐妹一样,但是只因为橘皮比橘肉大一些,所以它就必须在外面无条件包容橘肉,不管刮风还是下雨,橘肉都在橘皮的保护下安然无恙。你一直包容着你妹妹,我们都看得到。这就是姐妹啊!你想,如果没有了橘皮的包容,即使在无风、无雨的地方,橘肉也是会变干、变小的。妹妹也一样,她需要你的包容,在你的保护下,她才能快乐成长。妈妈相信,有一天,妹妹长大了,也会ming白,也会感激一直以来你对她的照顾的,明白吗?”
  看着妈妈眼角的皱纹、头上的白发,我突然明白,妈妈也像橘皮一样,一直保护着我和妹妹……
  “妈,我懂了,橘皮永远包着橘肉!”
  
  点 评:
  小作者以自己和妹妹的矛盾冲突的产生与化解来表现家人相处的真谛:包容。借橘皮包着橘肉这样寓意深刻却易于理解的比喻,来形容自己对妹妹的包容,更形容妈妈对姐妹俩的爱。
  (指导老师:赖小珍)


  作者介绍
  托马斯·潘恩(1737—1809),英guo散wen家、政论家。出生于英格兰,才华出众,家境寒微,自学成才,学识广博,在自然科学和人文科学上都作过shen入研究,渴望重建公平的社会秩序。57岁来到美国费城,深受fu兰克林的赏识。本文是他的成名作。其他代表作有《危机》、《理性时代》。文笔朴质,说理深入浅出,文风平易近人。
  
  In the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense, and have no other preliminaries to settle with the reader, than that he will divest himself of prejudice and prepossession, and suffer his reason and his feelings to determine for themselves: that he will put on, or rather that he will not put off, the true character of a man, and generously enlarge his views beyond the present day.
  Volumes have been written on the subject of the struggle between England and America. Men of all ranks have embarked in the controversy, from different motives, and with various designs; but all have been ineffectual, and the period of debate is closed. Arms as the last resource decide the contest; the appeal was the choice of the King, and the continent has accepted the challenge.
  It has been reported of the late Mr. Pelham (who though an able minister was not without his faults) that on his being attacked in the House of Commons on the score that his measures were only of a temporary kind, replied, "they will last my time."Should a thought so fatal and unmanly possess the colonies in the present contest, the name of ancestors will be remembered by future generations with detestation.
  The sun never shined on a cause of greater worth. It"s not the affair of a city, a county, a province, or a kingdom; but of a continent --of at least one eighth part of the habitable globe. It"s not the concern of a day, a year, or an age; posterity are virtually involved in the contest, and will be more or less affected even to the end of time, by the proceedings now. Now is the seed time of continental union, faith and honor. The least fracture now will be like a name engraved with the point of a pin on the tender rind of a young oak; the wound would enlarge with the tree, and posterity read it in full grown characters.
  By referring the matter from argument to arms, a new era for politics is struck—a new method of thinking has arisen. All plans, proposals, etc. prior to the nineteenth of April, i.e. to the commencement of hostilities, are like the almanacs of the last year; which though proper then, are superceded and useless now. Whatever was advanced by the advocates on either side of the question then, terminated in one and the same point, viz., a union with Great Britain; the only difference between the parties was the method of effecting it; the one proposing force, the other friendship; but it has so far happened that the first has failed, and the second hath withdrawn her influence.
   As much has been said of the advantages of reconciliation, which, like an agreeable dream, has passed away and left us as we were, it is but right that we should examine the contrary side of the argument, and inquire into some of the many material injuries which these colonies sustain, and always will sustain, by being connected with and dependent on Great Britain. To examine that connection and dependence, on the principles of nature and common sense, to see what we have to trust to, if separated, and what we are to expect, if dependent.
血海
  May17th, 2002. Friday,rainy
  There are only forty days before the college entrance examination,and now I have finally realized how fast time flies. I regret that I have wasted a lot of precious time before. Anyway, forty days are not a short period of time. If I make good use of the twenty days, I"m sure I can make great progress.
   I have already made some achievements. My English and Chinese have been greatlyimproved.Butmathisstill a headache to me. Because I" ve spent most of the time on English and Chinese, my math is getting worse and worse, which worries me most.So,I have made my mind that I must spend more time on math. At the same time, I will go on paying attention to other subjects and make them grow continuously.
  If I don" t study hard now, when should I study hard? I have been studying for more than ten years, and isn"t all of that just for the exciting moment——the college entrance examination? Now, the destination is nearer and nearer.If I study harder, I will be able to catch up with oth-ers. In order to succeed, I must treat my self more strictly and severely. This is the most important period of time for me, so I can"t give up at any moment. I must insist on studying harder and harder, until the last moment.
   Studying is a tough work, actually. But, if you put your heart in it, you will realize how sweet it is.I believe that the one who laughs in the end is the real winner.
  
  2002年5月17日 星期五 雨
  在距离gao考还有40多天的shi候,自己xin里突然涌出一种异样的感觉,觉得时间过得太快,为自己没能抓紧过去的时间而后悔。bu过,还有40天时间,如果好好利用一下,对学习进一步提高还是会有很大帮助的。
  过去的努力,我还是取得了一些成绩的,例如我的英语、语wen正在大幅度提高,距离自己设定的目标已经很接近了。但同时另一个比较痛苦的fu产品是,数学本来是达到目标的,但由于我的精力过多地用在英语、语文上,使得数学成绩明显出现了滑坡。这真让我痛心,让我着急,因此我决定在后20天的时间里,要将数学补上来,而其他各科也要稳扎稳打,继续提高。
  现在不努力,何时努力,十几年的学习,不就是为了高考吗?现在,目标越来越近了,我更要快马加鞭,迎头赶上。自己已经按计划进行得差不多了,只需稍改计划,再加努力,就会达到成功彼岸。为了到达这成功的彼岸,我要继续加强自我监督,在这最后关头里,不要轻言放弃,而是要咬紧牙关坚持到最后。
  末了,送一句小诗给自己,作为自勉“十年寒窗无须问,一股暗香扑鼻来。”我相信:谁笑到最后,谁就笑得最好!

血海:[清明有感]清明祭祀英烈有感作文


  Leap year can raise1 some confusing questions. Why does leap year come every four years? Why do we add an extra day to February?
   If you lived in Rome two thousand years ago,that extra day wasn"t even considered a day at all.Confused?Don"t worry. Our modern leap-year tradition started with a year that was even more confusing. It didn"t have one extra day; it had ninety. It was known as the"year of confusion."
   The year of confusion was put into effect2 by a Roman leader named Julius Caesar. His goal was not to create confusion but to end the confusion that existed.
   Before Caesar"s time,the Romans often added or removed days from their calendar without any scientific reason. Caesar wanted to reform the Roman calendar,which had 355 days and which was basically a lunar3 calendar. But there was a problem——the calendar was so far off track that the months and holidays were no longer in their traditional seasons.For us, it would be like having Thanks-giving in September. This had been caused by decades of sloppy4 calendar keeping and by the fact that lunar calendars do not follow the seasons. Caesar decided to return the months to their nor- mal seasons before introducing a new calendar.
   To do this, Caesar followed the advice of an Egyptianastronomer5 named Sosigenes and added ninety days to theyearthatwe know as 46 B.C.It becamethelongest leap year in history!
   Caesar divided the ninety extra days into three temporary months.One month was added between February and March. Two other months were added after November.The year 46 B.C.had fifteen months and was 445 days long. No wonder it was called the year of confusion!
  In reality, it was the year to end all confusion. It returned the months to their proper seasons and made it possible for Caesar to introduce his reformed calendar, which we call the Julian calendar6, in 45 B.C. Taking Sosigenes" advice once again,Caesar made the new calendar a solar7 calendar, similar to that of the Egyptians.This would help to keep the calendar on track,since solar calendars follow the seasons.
  To make the new calendar more accurate, one little bit of confusion was kept. We call it a leap day. It takes the Earth about 365 1/4 days to travel around the Sun. If every calendar year had 365 days, it would be shorter than the true year; if it had 366 days,it would be longer.This problem was solved by adding one extra day——a leap day—— to February every fourth year.
  At first, this leap day was put between February 23 and 24. It didn"t have its own number, and it wasn"t even counted as a real day.Eventually leap day was moved to the end of February and given a number. Today February 29 still appears on our calendar every leap year.
  A few improvements to the calendar have been made since Caesar"s time,but his year of confusion and introduction of a solar calendar ironed out8 most of the wrinkles9.
血海
  Leap year can raise1 some confusing questions. Why does leap year come every four years? Why do we add an extra day to February?
   If you lived in Rome two thousand years ago,that extra day wasn"t even considered a day at all.Confused?Don"t worry. Our modern leap-year tradition started with a year that was even more confusing. It didn"t have one extra day; it had ninety. It was known as the"year of confusion."
   The year of confusion was put into effect2 by a Roman leader named Julius Caesar. His goal was not to create confusion but to end the confusion that existed.
   Before Caesar"s time,the Romans often added or removed days from their calendar without any scientific reason. Caesar wanted to reform the Roman calendar,which had 355 days and which was basically a lunar3 calendar. But there was a problem——the calendar was so far off track that the months and holidays were no longer in their traditional seasons.For us, it would be like having Thanks-giving in September. This had been caused by decades of sloppy4 calendar keeping and by the fact that lunar calendars do not follow the seasons. Caesar decided to return the months to their nor- mal seasons before introducing a new calendar.
   To do this, Caesar followed the advice of an Egyptianastronomer5 named Sosigenes and added ninety days to theyearthatwe know as 46 B.C.It becamethelongest leap year in history!
   Caesar divided the ninety extra days into three temporary months.One month was added between February and March. Two other months were added after November.The year 46 B.C.had fifteen months and was 445 days long. No wonder it was called the year of confusion!
  In reality, it was the year to end all confusion. It returned the months to their proper seasons and made it possible for Caesar to introduce his reformed calendar, which we call the Julian calendar6, in 45 B.C. Taking Sosigenes" advice once again,Caesar made the new calendar a solar7 calendar, similar to that of the Egyptians.This would help to keep the calendar on track,since solar calendars follow the seasons.
  To make the new calendar more accurate, one little bit of confusion was kept. We call it a leap day. It takes the Earth about 365 1/4 days to travel around the Sun. If every calendar year had 365 days, it would be shorter than the true year; if it had 366 days,it would be longer.This problem was solved by adding one extra day——a leap day—— to February every fourth year.
  At first, this leap day was put between February 23 and 24. It didn"t have its own number, and it wasn"t even counted as a real day.Eventually leap day was moved to the end of February and given a number. Today February 29 still appears on our calendar every leap year.
  A few improvements to the calendar have been made since Caesar"s time,but his year of confusion and introduction of a solar calendar ironed out8 most of the wrinkles9.


  There were four men in a small open boat. They could see little of the sky. The waves rose so high that they could see nothing but water. The great waves rushed at boat with such violence that the men thought each wave would be the last one -- the lifeboat would sink and they would drown.
   For two days the four men struggled to reach land but all they saw were the great waves which tried to destroy them. The four men were the only ones who had escaped when their big ship sank. Now they sat in the small open boat. Each one asked himself whether he would be saved. The ship"s cook sat in the bottom of the boat. He used his hands as cups and threw out the sea water. The boat had only two wooden oars which were so thin that it seemed the waves would break them. A sailor named Billy, one of the four men in the boat, used one of these oars to keep the boat going in the right way. A third man, a newspaper writer, used the other oar to make the boat move. And the fourth man in the boat was the captain of the ship that had sunk. His arm and leg were hurt and he lay in the front of the boat. His face was very sad. He had lost his ship and most of his sailors. But he looked carefully ahead and he told Billy when to turn the boat. "Keep her1 a little more south, Billy!" he said.
   The boat was in the Atlantic Ocean2 off the southeastern coast of the United States, near Florida3. If they could only see land, there was hope, hope that others would see them and help them. The boat went up and down the waves. The cook said they were lucky because the wind was blowing towards the shore. If it blew the other way, they would never reach land. The writer agreed, but the captain did not. He asked, "Do you really think that we"ll be saved?" The other three men stopped talking. They all knew that the danger was great but they did not want to say so.
  Now the captain understood that he should not have spoken as he did. "Oh, I am sure we"ll reach land," he said. And so the four men continued to take their little boat through the rough sea. The sailor and the writer r4owed with the thin wooden oars. Sometimes they sat together, each using an oar. Sometimes one would row while the other rested. But the boat didn"t seem to move at all. Now the men saw small pieces of seaweed4 which meant that the boat was not far from land.
   Many hours passed, then as the boat was carried to the top of a great wave, the captain looked across the water, "A lighthouse!" The men were excited. Like children they asked the captain if he thought they would reach the lighthouse. He said that they would if the wind continued and if they took all the water out of the boat.
   Now, now there was hope. The men worked well together, all looking at the captain as their leader. He was a good leader. He gave them his coat to make a sail and the boat moved much more quickly.
  The lighthouse looked larger. Slowly the land seemed to rise from the sea. And soon the men could see two lines, one black and one white. They knew that the black line was made by trees and the white line by sand.
血海
  《中学语文课程标准》要求学生树立“大语文观”,既要熟读圣贤书,又要关心天下大事、熟知杰出人物。我们可yi从名人的高尚的人格中完成自己人格的提升,从他们的艰辛创业、博大胸襟中体悟人生的真谛。名人的故事本身就具有启发性或哲理性,我们大可“智者见智”,根据自己的生活体验,发挥独特的构思,展现浓厚的个人色彩,显示独到的生活见解和认识。
  人物素材速用,方法可以多样:取其一点法、对比映衬法、类比映衬法。
  
  一、取其一点
  
  一则素材,往往由相对独立的几个部分组成,从而具有多重意义。遇到这种素材,行文时可以根据文章中心的需要,选取素材的一部分或一个细节入文,从某一角度阐释,但这一角度要与文章的整体观点一致。
  请看下面这篇作文:
  
  拜访贝多芬
  ○ 云南一考生
  
  “我要扼住命运的咽喉。”刚听到这句话,心底不禁为之一颤。想象一位双耳失聪的苦难音乐家是怎样以常人难以想象的毅力为世人谱xie了不朽音符。昨天上帝在宫廷举行了一次抽奖仪式。很幸运的是我得了天使奖,上帝奖励我去了一趟人间。于是我决定去德国拜访贝多芬。
   “请问,这里是德国吗?”“这里当然是德国,可似乎已经不像一个国家了。”这个人说话好像很刻薄。“那么请问这里有一个叫贝多芬的人吗?”钢琴声突然停止了。“我就是贝多芬。”真的没有想到,他竟然就是贝多芬,我刚要开口,“ni深更半夜找我有什么事?”“我挺崇拜你的,所以来拜访拜访。”“不要这样,我最讨厌别人这样,有话快说!”说真的,我真的挺生气的,人家好好地来拜访你,你怎么可以这样对待别人。于是我想了想,决定讥讽一下他。“你现在这样有名气,你可以向我说说你小时候的生活吗?”我暗自得意。
  “我4岁开始学习音乐,12岁已能自如地演奏,17岁赴欧洲音乐之都维也纳进修,1787年拜见了我所仰慕的莫扎特。听完我的演奏,莫扎特预言,‘有朝一日,你将震动全世界’。但不幸的是,我父亲酗酒,对待母亲整天是拳打脚踢,我尽管出生于音乐世家,而且从小就开始学习钢琴和提琴,但我并非莫扎特式的神童,我的创作并非一挥而就,而是孜孜不倦地修改草稿直至感到满意为止。我小时候的畸形家庭,造就了我的倔强孤僻、不善与人交往的性格。就像现在,你打扰了我,你不知道我现在很讨厌你。”我无言以对,他的生活竟然这样的艰辛。我错怪他了。“对不起,贝多芬先生,是我不对,勾起了你的伤心过去。但你不要撵我走,我理解你。每个人都有伤心的事,不单单是你。尽管你是名人,也一样的。”“啊,对不起,这位朋友,不,应该叫你同志。谢谢你对我这么了解。”
  “不过我想问你一个问题,对你来说,失聪是非常大的打击,你曾经悲伤过吗?”“你问得很好,对于我来说,失聪确实是非常大的打击,我也曾悲伤过,但后来我想通了,为什么要这样呢?人注定是要接受挫折的,不可能一帆风顺的,不要顾忌,勇往直前!”“真的很佩服你,你能介绍你成功的秘诀吗?”
  “当然可以,无论做什么事,都要持之以恒,永不气馁。不向命运低头。扼住命运的咽喉!”……
  这次拜访使我受益匪浅,我知道了每个人都有自己的辉煌与失败,但对待命运不要气馁,面对挫折,要喊出:
  “我要扼住命运的咽喉!”
  
  点 评:
  本文紧紧抓住“我要扼住命运的咽喉”这一点来写,作者突破时间和空间的束缚,在上下数百年间自由驰骋,模拟了一场旷古未有的访谈。想象奇特大胆,富有创意,具有浪漫主义色彩。贝多芬的回答揭示了“我要扼住命运的咽喉”的主题,文章文气充畅,神韵动人。
  
  二、对比映衬
  
  对比映衬法是指把事物、现象和过程中矛盾的双方,安置在一定条件下,使之集中在一个完整的统一体中,形成相辅相成的比照和呼应关系。运用这种手法,有利于充分显示事物的矛盾,突出被表现事物的本质特征,能引发读者反思,加强文章的艺术效果和感染力。
  请看下面这篇作文:
  
  生命因经历而精彩
  ○ 济宁一考生
  
  为何艳阳高照下帝王蝶可以翩然起舞?为何料峭寒冬中蜡梅清香扑鼻而来?又为何死神沙漠里胡杨创造出不死的神话?是它们的生命经历了艰难的付出而铸就 了辉煌。
  濮水江边,楚王请你为相,你却淡然不动,神色自如,一句“吾将曳尾于涂中”便将世上所有的功名利禄抛之身外。你以不恋权势、清高归真、追求平凡的人生态度换取了一个陶然庄子,与蝶共舞,与鱼同戏。于是你的心得到了永恒的洁净与恬然,于是你得以同大鹏展翅同飞,直冲九霄云外。你以自己独特的人生经历向世人诠释了生命的精彩。
  金銮殿上的一声怒吼使你在瞬间失去所有。圣上不明白你那颗“欲为圣明除弊事,肯将衰朽惜残年”的赤胆忠心,结果贬你去潮州。你泪水涟涟,一步三回头。此时,我不禁要问:“你后悔吗,付出如此昂贵的代价去劝谏一位昏君?”我想答案是否定的。你若后悔,便会在潮州鱼肉百姓,搜脂刮财;你若后悔,便会筹备兵力,谋反皇帝。而你没有,所以你把先进的耕种技术带入潮州,所以你兴修水利,便民灌溉,所以你和农民一同站在垄上讨论潮州适宜种植的经济作物,所以你笑吟吟地诵出“白雪却嫌春色晚,故穿庭院作飞花”的诗句。因此,我在那散发着清香的历史长卷中,看到一个闪耀着光彩的名字——韩愈。
  众所周知,如今世界台球冠军是一位乳臭未干的小子——丁俊晖。为什么他会取得辉煌的成就?当我们撒丫子在院子中疯跑的时候,他便在封闭的球室里练球了;当我们讨论着哪个动画片好看时,他也在封闭的球室里练球;当我们坐在敞亮的教室里读书时,他还在练球;当我们肆无忌惮地挥洒青春时,他在台球桌上挥汗如雨。正是因为他经历了艰辛的付出,使他成为台球界中最新最亮的一颗星。
  古之贤人,今之能者,他们的人生都因经历了艰苦的付出而辉煌。让我们把握青春的航向,惜时、勤奋,写就自己人生的精彩,留下一段难忘的经历吧!
  
  点 评:
  文题是“生命因经历而精彩”,文章主体部分,主要选取了庄子、韩愈和丁俊晖这三个人物的事例来论证论点,庄子和楚王对待人生的看法是相反的,韩愈和“圣上”在知人方面是对立的,两相对比,更显庄子和韩愈的光彩人生;而用丁俊晖作论证时,则以“我们撒丫子在院子中疯跑的时候”,“他在封闭的球室里练球”,“我们讨论着哪个动画片好看时”,“他也在封闭的球室里练球”等相映衬,这就告诉我们丁俊晖的成功是经历艰辛的付出才获得的。此外还有修辞的娴熟运用。开头运用排比设问引出论点,气势非凡。
  
  三、类比映衬
  类比映衬法是指把两个或多个人物的某些相同或相似性质的素材放一起,以加强文章论述力度和可信度。类比的出发点是人物素材之间的相似性,或者说,就是同类素材的并列呈现。
  请看下面这篇作文:
  
  秋,来了
  ○ 河北一考生
  
  秋来了,梦醒了,心碎了。
  秋风多,雨相和,夜长人奈何。秋风裹挟着细雨,凄楚地洒落在枯叶上,沙沙沙沙,如同哀怨的妇人在低声啜泣,一声声总能拨动内心深处隐秘的琴弦。一阵晚来风急,彻骨的寒意凄苦了诗人的心,一首首凄美的诗篇便从诗人心中涌起。
  
  梧桐细雨冷清秋
  
  三更梦醒,窗外雨疏风急,一声梧桐一声秋,一丝秋雨一点愁。
  她从梦中醒来。不,不能说是梦,因为她何曾入睡?就在半梦半醒中,丝丝往事涌上心头。此时她眼中露出了一丝少女的羞涩,“和羞走,倚门回首,却把青梅嗅”的甜蜜涌上心头;孤灯摇曳,迷离了她的双眼,秋夜如水,一缕寒意聚上心头。一叶扁舟浮于江中,虽是江上春好,却无奈心中的孤寂,一盏薄酒,几朵菊花,怎敌晚来风疾。
  一阵秋雨,一丝离愁。不知是秋雨碎了她的梦,还是她的梦融入了这凄苦的秋。
  
  巴山夜雨话别情
  
  窗外夜雨交织,绵绵密密,淅淅沥沥。一夜不眠是孤客,羁旅窗外有芭jiao。残烛独剪,夜深难寐,李商隐手捧家书,哀愁如同巴山的秋雨弥漫。(略)
  
  浔阳江头琵琶行
  
  浔阳江头,枫叶荻花在秋风中瑟瑟。主人下马立于江畔,客人已登船将别,举起酒杯,让我们痛饮这离别酒吧!可惜没有音乐。(略)
  秋风起,秋雨浓,梧桐芭蕉夜雨声。秋意老,愁丝层层,几曲秋声,哀怨几重。秋来了,带来无限的哀思,留下无数凄美的诗篇。
  
  点 评:
  文章开篇就用“一首首凄美的诗篇便从诗人心中涌起”领起全篇,主体部分用三个小标题先区隔再串联,使三个小内容各自独立又相互映衬,紧紧围绕“秋”来写。其中借用了李清照、李商隐、白居易三位诗人的写秋名作,用优美的语言对三首诗做了进一步的解读,生动地还原了诗人创作的情境,显示出了作者深厚的积累。结尾再次扣题,深化感情。

血海:四年级习作训练2:倾吐心声、沟通情感


  “放假了!”“解放喽!”“回家玩去喽!”…… 唉,听着同学们的一阵阵笑声,看着同学们一张张开心的笑脸,我心里有种说不出的滋味,不是愉快的而是苦涩的。
  同学们都想变成小鸟,一下子飞回家中,准备在假期玩得“happy”,疯得“happy”。他们的假期可能是五彩斑斓的,而我的假期却只能是灰色的。每个假期我都会有几个心愿,这要求也不算高,只是和伙伴玩一玩滑板;一星期玩一次电脑,少做一些练习题;回老家待几天。虽然总是希望能够“美梦成真”,但结果却都以“泡汤”而告终,“美梦”最终变成“白日梦”。
  在家中,老爸老妈顶天立地,说一不二,我必须绝对服从指令,稍有抵抗,马上一阵“语不惊ren死不休”的臭骂;如敢顶嘴,“家庭教育棍”隆重登场,在空中挥动的“咻咻”声,让人头冒冷汗,不寒而栗,最后只能如行尸走肉般地执行命令。
  坐在书桌前,看着一本本讨厌的练习册,心早已飞到十万八千里外。幻想着有趣的画面不时晃过脑海。有时,老爸老妈会如幽灵般来到书桌旁,见到我思想开小差,就会狠狠往桌上一拍,na声音真是“山崩地裂,惊天地泣鬼神”,我只好刹住奔驰着的思想列车,重新又回到练习题的“逆水”中“行舟”起来。
  现在教育提倡减负,可老师、家长却把“减负”两字改成“减副”。老师减了我们很多“副”,像“音、美”这些所谓的副縫o醯袅耍欢页っ悄兀 “一山更比一山高”,那些所谓的“副书”——课外书,全部被没收,取而代之的是一本又一本的习题集,似乎他们心中总jue得,“填鸭式”教育最好。
  放假了,能给我一些自由吗?我曾大着胆子向老爸老妈提出过,可费尽九牛二虎之力都不能把停留在“填鸭式”这条歧路上的他们拉回到“减负”这条阳光大道上来,最终听到的还是“不行”这两个斩钉截铁的字。
  花盆中怎能长出参天大树?庭院中怎会有千里马?我们就如一匹匹小马驹,本应在广阔的草原中快乐地奔跑,可太多的负担只会妨碍我们快乐的奔跑和成长。只有放开我们,才能让我们健康地成长。
  我的假期,我的自由,我的快乐,到底哪儿去了?唉,我苦涩的假期生活!
  (指导老师:王伟安)
  
  点 评:
  阅读本文,有一种寓哭于笑、寓悲于喜的感觉。应试教育已经把我们的孩子塑造成“作业的奴隶”,完全扼杀了他们的想象力和创造力,可他们却“苦中作乐”,通过幽默风趣的语言冷嘲热讽。吐尽苦水,这就更有力地表现人们对当前教育改革要求的迫切性。
  (点评老师:甫田)
血海
  April 16th, 2003.Tuesday, fine
  I have not written diary for several days. There is only 51 days left to the exam. In the fifty- one days, would I create a wonder? It"s not for others sake, but for a dream, a lasting dream.I am really tired out. So I want to have a good sleep.But when I go to bed, I can"t sleep well. I am really tired, but I have to support myself until the last minute for the final success. The final success is always resulted from persisting at this moment. Insisting to the end will be successful.
   One day, I held my mother"s hand, which makes me feel dependable.I forget when and where I hold my mother"s hand last time, which has become deformed be- cause of labor. Her hands have given me so much care and warmth all along, which makes me feel dependable and happy!
   Moreover my father always liked to hold me up with his thick and broad hands when I was young. I regarded myself as the king of the world at that moment.While recalling such a proud feeling, I am happy again.In my childhood,I was really a pearl in my father"s palms.In Chinese, pearl is pronounced like pig. I was born in the pig year, so I don"t think the pig is bad.On the contrary, I think the pig is very lovely. Now I have grown up, and begin to crack jokes with my father. My father" s seriousness has faded in my memory. But the sense of safety and pride when I was hold in my father" s palm has no longer appeared too. Because I have grown up and I am going to fly away……
  
  2003年4月16日 星期二 晴
  好几天没you写日记了,还有51天就高考了。51天,会创造出一个奇迹吗?不是给别人看,也不是wei了什么别的原因,只为圆一个梦,一个做了许久许久的梦。我好累好累,浑身像散了架似的,好想好好睡上一觉,可每当好好睡觉的shi候却又总睡不踏实。真的好累,可还得撑着——为了最后的胜利。最后的胜利往往就在最后这一刻的坚持,坚持到底就是胜利。
  那天我拉着妈妈的手,有一种很踏实的感觉。不记得上次是何时、何地,拉着妈妈那劳累而变形的手了,就是这双手一直给了我多少爱,多少温暖,让我踏实,感到幸福!
  还有父qin,小时候父qin总喜欢把我放在他厚实的大手上高高ju起,那时我觉得我就是世界之王,那种骄傲的感觉现在想起来都觉得快乐。小时候,我确实是父亲的掌上明珠 (猪),因为我属猪嘛,所以并不认为猪有什么不好,反而觉得猪很可爱。现在,我长大了,会与父亲开玩笑了,记忆中父亲的不苟言笑,也已经在无尽的岁月中淡忘了,但同时被父亲托于掌上的安全与超越之感也不会再有了,因为我长大了,就要高飞了……

血海:造就语文课堂教学的“期待效应”


  一大早,wo便lai到了我将学习生活三年的地方——磨头镇初级中学。
  找到了我的教室。一进去,便见到了一位老师,我怯生生地向老师打招呼:“老师好。”声音低得似乎只有我自己能听见。她笑眯眯地应了我,又说:“自己随便找个位置坐下吧!”教室里没有其他人,只有我和这位老师。我是一个见了陌生人就脸红的人,见了陌生的老师,就更加不自在了。所以,我坐在了一个最靠角落的位置上。
  我拿出了课外书随便地翻了起来,忽然我被一篇文章吸引住了,这篇文章的题目叫《蒙娜丽莎的wei笑》。du了这篇文章,我知道了:意大利著名画家达·芬奇的名画《蒙娜丽莎的微笑》具有无与伦比的艺术魅力。蒙娜丽莎不仅无比美丽,而且,欣赏者无论从什么角度看她,她都在对你微笑。正看得入迷,突然,听见旁边有人问我:“你读的什么书呀?”我吓了一跳,转头一看,还是那位老师。这时我才发现教室里又来了好几个同学。
  我正忸怩不安,老师又问我:“你叫什么名字?”我把名字写在了纸上,她看了一遍,又念了好几遍,拍了拍我的肩膀说:“好哇,刘jing星同学,你的名字含义真深刻,你父母一定是在北京生下你的吧,希望你成为灿烂的新星。老师相信你,你不会辜负父母的希望的。我姓戴,是你们的班主任,也是你们的语文老师。”听了老师的话,我忽然轻松起来,一切拘束都没有了。我从心底里佩服老师,她竟从我的名字准确推测到我的经历。这时我才敢抬起头,仔细打量这位新老师:圆脸蛋,浓眉大眼,长得似乎有些像蒙娜丽莎,微笑着,十分动人。戴老师的微笑,是一种黏合剂,一下子缩短了我和她之间的距离,让我们的心黏合在一起;戴老师的微笑,是一缕阳光,让十分内向的我感到温暖如春;戴老师的微笑,是一泓清泉,滋润了我干涸的心田。
  初中的第一堂课开始了,这是一堂语文课。戴老师讲课深入浅出,我一听就懂。课上,戴老师提了一个问题:“请同学们谈谈对这篇课文的理解。”举手的人很多,可我却低头蜷缩在教室的角落里,纹丝未动。戴老师环视了一下全班,眼光落在我的脸上,大声说:“刘京星同学,你来讲!”我条件反射似的站了起来,椅子竟重重地摔在地上,引得全班哄堂大笑。我不知所措,抬起头,正巧对上了戴老师那充满期待的目光。她满面笑容地看着我,仿佛在说:“不要怕,勇敢些,我支持你。”戴老师的微笑,如一声号角,催我整装出发;戴老师的微笑,如一阵鼓响,催我奔向前方;戴老师的微笑,如一针催人奋进的强心剂,让我顿时倍增勇气和力量。我深吸了一口气,第一次大胆地回答了问题。戴老师很高兴地说:“很好,非常正确,请坐!”我扶起椅子,坐下,抬头看见她那赞许的目光与喜悦的神情。我第一次感觉到:我也是很棒的!
  这时,我想起了刚才看的文章《蒙娜丽莎的微笑》,我觉得戴老师像蒙娜丽莎一样美,微笑也是一样的美!
  啊,戴老师的微笑,在我心中是永远的蒙娜丽莎的微笑!
  
  点 评:
  写老师的作文成千上万,似陷入千篇一律的窠臼,然而,本文小作者却因创新而令人耳目一新:首先是标题创新,将一位普通的老师与一幅世界名画联系起来,让人眼前一亮。第二,构思创新,先写看文章《蒙娜丽莎的微笑》,再写老师的微笑,巧妙的构思很有感人的魅力。第三,语言创新,“戴老师的微笑,是一种黏合剂,一下子缩短了我和她之间的距离,让我们的心黏合在一起;戴老师的微笑,是一缕阳光,让十分内向的我感到温暖如春;戴老师的微笑,是一泓清泉,滋润了我干涸的心田”,“戴老师的微笑,如一声号角,催我整装出发;戴老师的微笑,如一阵鼓响,催我奔向前方;戴老师的微笑,如一针催人奋进的强心剂,让我顿时倍增勇气和力量”,通过排比、比喻修辞的运用,使习作语言的表现力增强。
  (指导老师:戴丽)

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